Benzodiazepines | Trade names: Valium, Psychopax, Faustan
Dosage and application
Ingestion: if necessary (as rare as possible).
The intake should be as low as possible (standard dose 5-10 mg).
Maximum dose per dose: 10 mg
Dosage: 5-20 mg (per day)
The dosage indicated here refers to adults without physical limitations between 18 and 65 years whose treatment is outpatient. In principle, the dose should be determined individually by a doctor. It may therefore differ from the information given here.
Always observe the dose specifications of your doctor. In the dosing interval mentioned here, a potentially fatal overdose (respiratory depression) may also occur, especially if you are not used to taking benzodiazepines.
Diazepam was developed by Leo Sternbach and marketed in 1963 by F. Hoffmann-La Roche under the name Valium. After chlorodiazepoxide (Libroum) in 1960, it was the second benzodiazepine. It is still believed to be the world's most prescribed drug in its class.
Diazepam is a benzodiazepine-based drug and is still marketed primarily under the trade name Valium. Other names are Faustan and Psychopax. It is also available as a generic. Diazepam is primarily approved for the treatment of arousal, tension, anxiety disorders and additional therapies for muscle cramps. In Germany, the indication for sleep disorders and sedation was expanded before or after surgical / diagnostic procedures.
Age classification is not clearly defined in the drug compendium. In any case, it is available for children (but not for children). Driving a vehicle or operating machinery is extremely dangerous under the influence of diazepam! Diazepam, like all benzodiazepines, should not be taken with alcohol.
The drug binds to the GABA receptors in the brain. GABA is the substance of the messenger who is responsible for the reassurance of man. Benzodiazepines rarely cause paradoxical reactions (anxiety, insomnia, etc.), especially in the elderly.
Due to its long half-life, diazepam is usually prescribed if a longer duration of action is desired. Acute panic attacks are rarely used nowadays because the drug is slightly slower than other benzodiazepines (such as alprazolam or lorazepam). An active metabolite of diazepam is oxazepam, which is mainly used against sleep disorders and as a sedative.